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Xi Jinping: Innovative career calls for innovative talents
浏览 次 Date: 2018-09-03 Viewed times
The Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed: "Insist on innovation and development, we must put innovation at the core of the country's overall development, and continue to promote theoretical, institutional, scientific and technological, and cultural innovations, and let innovation run through the party and All the work of the country makes innovation prevail in the whole society. "The cause of innovation must be done by innovative talents, and talents are the core elements of innovation. Xi Jinping pointed out: "People are the most critical factor for scientific and technological innovation. The cause of innovation calls for innovative talents. If China is to be at the forefront of scientific and technological innovation, we must find talents in innovative practices, cultivate talents in innovative activities, and innovate. Talents are gathered in China. "Please study with the editor of" Learning China ".

    I. Finding Talent in Innovation Practice

"Rixin is a virtue", the Chinese nation loves learning, is good at learning, respects knowledge, and innovates. In the endless stream of civilization, innovative talents continue to emerge and continue to write the history of innovation in the great powers of the East. Xi Jinping pointed out: "Innovation is the soul of a nation's progress, an inexhaustible source of prosperity for a country, and the most distinctive national endowment of the Chinese nation." Therefore, in the practice of building a well-off society in an all-round way and in the process of the great national rejuvenation More and better innovative talents will surely emerge. We need to find these talents in time and make good use of them so that they can play a greater role in the innovation development strategy. Xi Jinping pointed out: "The cause of innovation calls for innovative talents. To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the more talents, the better and the better the talents. Knowledge is power, and talent is the future. China must be at the forefront of science and technology innovation in the world. Talent is found in innovation. "

"If you win, you will be safe, but if you lose, you will be in danger." Only with innovative talents can we successfully carry out our innovation career. Therefore, in the development of a well-off society in an all-round way, priority must be given to the development of innovative talents. Xi Jinping pointed out: "The scale of China's science and technology team is the largest in the world, which we must be proud of. However, we are also facing severe challenges in the science and technology team, that is, the lack of innovative scientific and technological talents has a prominent structural contradiction, and the world There is a lack of high-level science and technology masters, lack of leading talents and top talents, and the training of engineering and technical talents is disconnected from production and innovation practice. 'One year is like a tree valley; ten years is like a tree; lifelong is like a tree.' We must give top priority to the development of human resources for scientific and technological innovation. "The" Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Talent Development System and Mechanism "issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on March 21 this year states:" Insist on talents leading innovation and development, and list talent development as Comprehensive evaluation indicators for economic and social development. Comprehensively use regional, industrial policies, and fiscal and tax leverage to increase human resource development. "

It is necessary to establish a good mechanism for selecting and employing talents, and to select and use truly innovative talents to form a system of recruiting talents and making the best of their talents. The "Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Talent Development System and Mechanism" states: "Optimize the structure of financial expenditure, improve the mechanism for investment in talent development, increase investment in talent development. Adjust and standardize financial expenditures for talent engineering projects, and increase the effectiveness of capital use. Give full play to talent development Special funds, small and medium-sized enterprise development funds, industrial investment funds and other government inputs are used to guide and leverage the government and establish a multi-input mechanism for government, enterprises and society. "

It is necessary to develop innovative talents on the top of the world and improve the mechanism for introducing innovative talents. Whether it is yellow skin, white skin or black skin, as long as it is the innovative talents we need, try to find ways for me to use as much as possible. In the past, we did n’t have a broad perspective and high standing in selecting talents, especially innovative talents. Former Singaporean Lee Kuan Yew said, "China selects talents from 1.3 billion people, while the United States selects 7 billion people. Talent. "This situation must be changed in the future. The "Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Talent Development System and Mechanism" states: "Implement a more active, more open, and more effective talent introduction policy, and intensify the implementation of overseas high-level talent introduction programs (National 'Thousand Talents Plan'), opening the door. Eclectic, flexible pooling of global talent resources. For special talents that are urgently needed by the country, open up special channels, implement special policies, and achieve precise introduction. Support local, departmental and employer units to set up talent introduction projects and strengthen dynamic management. "This will further Enhance the openness of talent policy, open the door to recruit talents from the Quartet, and show our broad minds for attracting talents to the world. Xi Jinping emphasized: "The competent department of foreign experts must continue to improve the foreign talent introduction system and mechanism, effectively protect intellectual property rights, protect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign talents, and give commendation and rewards to foreign talents who have made outstanding contributions, so that foreign talents who are interested in developing in China will have the opportunity. It is necessary to follow the rules of international talent flow and make better use of the principal role of employers such as enterprises, universities, research institutes, etc., so that the expertise of foreign talents closely matches the needs of China's development. Foreign experts provide a broader stage to display their talents and realize their career dreams. "

    Cultivate talents in innovative activities

To find talents in innovation practice, to cultivate talents in innovation activities, and to make the cultivation of innovative talents the first task of talent cultivation. Only in this way can we ensure the continuous emergence of innovative talents and the prosperity of innovation.

First of all, party and government leaders at all levels must attach great importance to the cultivation of innovative talents. Establishing innovative talents is the first resource and new concept of innovative careers, so that the cultivation of innovative talents becomes a real “first-line” project. Practice has proved that only when party and government leaders, especially the "first leaders", attach great importance to the cultivation of innovative talents, can they cultivate innovative talents better and faster.

Secondly, it is necessary to innovate the talent cultivation model, so that all walks of life can continuously cultivate innovative talents. The "Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Talent Development System and Mechanism" states: "Outstanding the orientation of economic and social development needs, establishing a dynamic adjustment mechanism for the disciplines, types, levels, and regional distribution of colleges and universities. Coordinate industrial development and talent development planning, and strengthen the forecast of industrial talent demand. To accelerate the cultivation of talents in key industries, important fields and strategic emerging industries. Focus on the cultivation of talents' innovative consciousness and innovative ability, explore the establishment of a talent training mechanism oriented to innovation and entrepreneurship, and improve the collaborative education model combining production, education and research. "

Third, we must establish a rational flow mechanism for innovative talents. "People who are talented are more and more in need, and they are more scarce." Innovative talents must be placed in the most suitable position to give full play to their role. The outline of the "13th Five-Year Plan" states: "Promote the optimal allocation of talents. Point out the establishment and improvement of talent mobility mechanisms, improve the horizontal and vertical mobility of society, and promote the orderly and free flow of talents between units of different nature and in different regions. Inspire talents to the frontline , Central and western regions, and hard and remote areas. Carry out talent exchanges and counterpart support in the eastern coastal areas with the central and western regions, the northeast and other old industrial bases, and continue to implement the eastern cities counterpart support talent training programs in the western regions. "

Fourth, it is necessary to innovate the institutional mechanism for talent cultivation, and ensure that the cultivation of innovative talent is systematic and scientific in terms of institutional mechanisms. It is necessary to reform the original unsuitable and unscientific innovative talent cultivation system, courageous policies and systems for the cultivation, introduction, retention and use of innovative talents, and improve the evaluation standards and methods for innovative talents. It is necessary to increase support for emerging industries, key areas, and enterprises in urgent need of talent. Support the construction of new research and development institutions, encourage talents to independently choose research directions, set up research teams, and carry out original basic research and demand-oriented application research and development. The Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Talent Development System and Mechanism pointed out: "Intensify the implementation of the National High-level Talent Special Support Plan (National '10, 000-person Plan '), improve support policies, and innovate support methods. Construct scientific, technical, and engineering expert collaboration Innovation mechanism. Establish a unified talent engineering project information management platform to promote the integration of talent engineering projects with various scientific research and base plans. In accordance with the requirements of streamlining, merging, cancelling, and decentralization, we will further advance the reform of project review, talent evaluation, and institutional evaluation. " The cultivation of innovative talents does not happen overnight. It requires scientific methods, stable policies, and long-term mechanisms. Xi Jinping pointed out: "To achieve the goals of the" two hundred years "struggle, we must deepen the reform of the talent development system and mechanism and accelerate the building of a strong country with talents."

     3. Gather talents in innovation

The purpose of discovering innovative talents and cultivating them is to retain and use them, to gather them with the great cause of national rejuvenation, and to enable them to fully display their talents and realize their talents in the innovative cause of socialist construction with Chinese characteristics. The ideal ambition allows every creative talent to have a chance and stage for life. Xi Jinping pointed out: "It is necessary to introduce and gather talents with a more open perspective and accelerate the gathering of a group of leading talents who are at the forefront of the industry's science and technology and have an international perspective."

We must use a good environment to gather innovative talents. First of all, the whole society must respect innovative talents, let innovative talents become stars, and let each innovative talent have a large number of innovative fans. Second, we must create a good working and living environment for innovative talents. Try to create working conditions that allow creative talents to maximize their efficiency, improve their innovation productivity, and make them work comfortably. Let creative talents have no worries in their lives. It is necessary to improve the living conditions of innovative talents such as housing, medical care, transportation, and communications, and help them to solve practical problems in their lives such as household registration, family arrangements, and children's enrollment and employment. The outline of the "13th Five-Year Plan" states: "Improve incentive policies such as wages, medical treatment, job title evaluation, and old-age security, improve the talent evaluation and incentive mechanism and service security system, and create a social environment that is conducive to everyone's ability to become talented and young talents to stand out. . Give play to the role of government input and encourage the development of talent resources and talent introduction. Improve the performance and contribution-oriented talent evaluation standards. Ensure that talents participate in the distribution of benefits with innovative elements such as knowledge, skills, and management. The material and spiritual incentives encourage talents to carry forward the dedication spirit. Create a professional social atmosphere and vigorously promote the craftsmanship of the new era. "Xi Jinping pointed out:" If the environment is good, talents will gather and the cause will flourish; if the environment is not good, talents will be scattered and the cause The relationship between talents and the environment is like the relationship between trees and soil. The growth of talents is closely related to the social environment. It is inseparable from the nourishment and nurture of the social environment. Practices at home and abroad have proven that the quality of the talent development environment has become the competition for talents today. Key elements.


It is necessary to strengthen the protection of innovative achievements of innovative talents so that the legitimate interests of innovative talents will not be easily damaged. The "Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Talent Development System and Mechanism" states: "Strengthening the protection of intellectual property rights in innovation achievements. Improve the intellectual property protection system and speed up the introduction of regulations on job inventions. Study and formulate measures for the protection of innovation achievements such as business models, cultural creativity, etc. Assistance mechanism. Establish an intellectual property identification mechanism in the introduction and use of talents to prevent and control intellectual property risks. Improve financial service mechanisms such as intellectual property pledge financing to provide support for talents' innovation and entrepreneurship. "At the same time, it will also create convenient conditions for the transformation of innovation results. Great support and motivation for innovative talents. The "Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Talent Development System and Mechanism" states: "The endowment of autonomy to universities, research institutes on the use, disposal, and management of scientific and technological achievements, in addition to national defense, national security, national interests, and major social and public interests, administrative directors Departments no longer approve or record. Allow scientific and technological achievements to be transferred and transformed through negotiated pricing, listing on the technology market, and auctions. Improve the income distribution policy for scientific researchers, and give innovation leaders more control over human resources, property, and technology routes in accordance with law. Incentive mechanism oriented to increase knowledge value. Improve the market evaluation element contribution and the distribution mechanism according to the contribution. Study and formulate the incentive policy for talent option of state-owned enterprises and institutions, and adopt other incentive measures for the unsuitable implementation of equity option incentive. Explore universities, Scientific and technological institutes holding leadership positions and scientific and technological talents receive cash and equity incentive management measures. Improve the talent reward system. "

Xi Jinping pointed out: "People are the most critical factor for scientific and technological innovation. The cause of innovation calls for innovative talents; innovation-driven is essentially talent-driven." During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, we must find talents in innovation, cultivate them, and condense them. To provide a strong talent support for the comprehensive construction of a well-off society and the realization of the Chinese dream.